• All the underlined groups constitute a syntactic category known as a noun phrase (NP) – NPs may be a subject or an object of a sentence, may contain a determiner, proper name, pronoun, or may be a noun alone • All the bolded groups constitute a syntactic category known as a verb phrase (VP) We can test the VP [ate a tuna-fish sandwich for lunch] by adding another VP. categories which have no overt phonetic form, and hence which are inaudible or silent. 1.1 Anaphora and Syntactic Categories. for example, a sentence is class, filed in to two elements: boy which is assigned to the constituent noun (N) and noun phrase (NP), and play well which A single word is the smallest possible constituent belonging to a particular syntactic category. Syntactic categories synonyms, Syntactic categories pronunciation, Syntactic categories translation, English dictionary definition of Syntactic categories. categories . Related WordsSynonymsLegend: Switch to new thesaurus Noun 1. syntactic category - (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties grammatical category grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics) grammatical case, case - nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some … So if a single word can substitute for a string of several words, that's evidence that the word and the string are constituents of the same category. Native speakers of a language learn correct syntax without realizing it. These names are often referred to as syntactic labels (usually written by theinitials of the categories), such as: 6. Y. Huang, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. Syntax is a tool used in writing proper grammatical sentences. 2.4 Atomic syntactic categories The relative simplicity of this formal model is appealing. We mentioned in Chapter 1 that pronouns can substitute for noun phrases. The complexity of a writer's or speaker's sentences creates a formal or informal level of diction that is presented to its audience. Syntax - July 1997. So far, our discussion of syntactic structure has tacitly assumed that all constituents in a given structure are overt.However, we now turn to argue that syntactic structures may also contain empty (= covert = null) categories – i.e. The syntactic categories are illustrated in a tree diagram, called phrase structure tree,by supplying the name of the syntactic category of each word grouping. Syntax is the proper order of words in a phrase or sentence. a verbal category that indicates that the subject of the marked verb is the recipient or patient of the action rather than its agent AUX (Auxiliary (verb)) a functional verbal category that accompanies a lexical verb and expresses grammatical distinctions not carried by the said verb, such as tense, aspect, person, number, mood, etc Taking a specific instance: the categories of n3 … If a phrase can be paired with another of the same syntactic category using a coordinating conjunction, then it forms a constituent. However, the atomic approach to syntactic categories in Kaplan (1987), illustrated in (4) and (6), is obsolete and inadequate. b Reggie [ate a tuna sandwich for lunch] and [played with a soccer ball in the park.] (15) a Reggie ate a tuna-fish sandwich for lunch. Smallest possible constituent belonging to a particular syntactic category a language learn correct syntax without realizing it syntactic... 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